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Functions for processing data

Forming new variables

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Quality checks

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VAF Scores
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Household Profile

Gender composition of the household and age distribution

1) Male/female ratio across geographical areas

2) Mean age to shape a demographic pyramid

3) Average number of children per household

4) % of household with specific needs (pregnant or lactating women, physician or mental disability, chronic illness, temporary illness or injury, or serious medical condition)

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What are the differences in vulnerability between households and cases?

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Universal indicator: Legal Status

The documentation status held by the principal applicant and the validity of documents meant to state their residence status and ability to work

1)Mean total expenditure conditional to documentation status category

2)Correlation between work permit and employment status, revenue sources and expenditure patterns

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Universal Indicators: Household Structure and Dependencies

Dependency ratio intended as number of dependants (non-autonomous adults, children and the elderly)

Proportion change in number of dependent people from baseline 2015 to 2018 of VAF

Categorical analysis of dependency ratio structure and its correlation with expenditure and revenue patterns

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Universal indicator: Coping Strategies

The frequency and ratio of crisis and emergency coping strategies used by refugees to meet basic needs and affecting their short and long-term productivity

1)Frequency count of different types of coping strategies based on a scale of severity (from stress to emergency)

2) Outliers composition in terms of household structure

3) and dependency ratio for respondents adopting significant amounts of coping strategies

Last 7 days

LessPreferred In the past 7 days, if there have been times when you did not have enough food or money to buy food, how often has your household had to rely on less preferred and less expensive food (i.e. cheaper lower quality food)?

BorrowFood In the past 7 days, if there have been times when you did not have enough food or money to buy food, how often has your household had to, borrow food or relied on help from relative(s) or friend(s):

ReduceNumber In the past 7 days, if there have been times when you did not have enough food or money to buy food, how often has your household had to, reduce number of meals eaten a day?

LimitPortion In the past 7 days, if there have been times when you did not have enough food or money to buy food, how often has your household had to, limit portion size at mealtime (different from above: i.e. less food per meal)?

RestrictConsumption In the past 7 days, if there have been times when you did not have enough food or money to buy food, how often has your household had to, restrict consumption by adults in order for small children to eat?

WholedayWithoutEating In the past 7 days, if there have been times when you did not have enough food or money to buy food, how often has your household had to, spent a whole day without eating due to lack of food?

Last 30 days

Spent savings Stress

Bought food on credit or borrowed money to purchase food from non-relatives/friends Stress

Bought household goods on credit Stress

Took a loan to purchase for essentials Stress

Reduced essential non-food expenditure such as education/health Crisis

Sell household assets/goods (jewellery, phone, furniture, electro domestics, etc.) Stress

Sell productive assets or means of transport (sewing machine, car, wheel barrow, bicycle, motorbike, etc.) Crisis

Adult members of the household accepted socially degrading, exploitative, high risk or illegal temporary jobs Emergency

Sent adult family members to beg Emergency

Sent children (under 18) family members to beg Emergency

Changed accommodation location or type in order to reduce rental expenditure Stress

Sent children (under the age of 18) to work in order to provide resources Crisis

Withdrew children from school Crisis

Has anyone in your family aged younger than 15 married? Emergency

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Universal Indicator: Basic needs

Relationships and coefficient variation between financial and non-financial minimum thresholds that define basic needs such as coping strategies, dependency ratios and the economic state of a household (level of debt and expenditure per capita)

1)Correlation analysis between dependency ratio and coping strategies

2) Exploratory inferential analysis to identify key determinants for emergency coping strategies

3) Average expenditure and debt amounts per capita for each type of coping strategy

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Universal Indicator: Income Status

The correlation between debt amounts, expenditure and income in-flows across a variety of different types of households.

1) Correlation analysis between debt, expenditure and income amounts

2)Most recurrent sources of revenues and debt per area and household composition criteria (gender, size etc.)

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Sector Indicator: Education

The extent of risks of non-attendance (economic, social and physical) in determining the ratio of school children and incidence of formal education

1) Identification of household determinants for social risks represented in the dimensions of atomic indicators preventing children to access education

2) Intra-risk correlation analysis to identify potential amplification factor

3) Frequency count of each type of risk and their correlation with access to formal education and distance from education facility

The correlation of social risks setting a barrier for access to education with dependency ratios, and health for a cluster of cases reporting a combined set of social risks above the 75th percentile

1) Frequency count of social risk across each type of informal and formal education

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Sector indicator: Food security

The relationship between food consumption score, expenditure on food, dependency ratios and livelihood coping strategies across geographical areas to determine the strongest driver on food security

1) Mean and median values of the food consumption score for a set of household’s characteristics (location, size, single vs. non-single headed, and dependency ratio range)

2) Average food expenditure per location, household size and its relative incidence to total expenditures

3)Correlation between relative food expenditure and FCS

Food diversity relative to household structure, gender ratio and proportion of children

4) Average number of food types per location, household size and its composition (dependency ratio, single vs. non-single headed and number of children)

5)Correlation between social vulnerability and CARI (Consolidated Approach for Reporting Indicators of Food Security) composite indicator per geographical area

WFP Standard Take the maximum value across cases linked to the same household and weight them according to their standards

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Health Sector

The ability of household members with a health condition to access adequate medical services through a valid MOI card and expenditure patterns to procure relevant medications.

1)Differential in accessibility and availability of health services between baseline 2015 and 2018

2) Average health expenditure per health condition and geographical area

3) Correlation between health expenditures, each health condition and household size

The incidence of mental health issues and their relationship with access to specialised medical services, ability to engage in the job market and coping strategies

1) The incidence of mental health issues and their relationship with access to specialised medical services, ability to engage in the job market andFrequency count of mental health incidence per strata (geographical location and household size)

2) Correlation between each type of mental health condition and coping strategies

3) Percentage of households with cases of mental health condition accessing the job market

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Sector indicator: Shelter

The quality of shelter from a perspective of type of accommodation, housing conditions and security of tenure to infer the strongest determinant when defining adequate accommodation for household based on its size and existing vulnerabilities

Percentage distribution of cases per household condition, type of accommodation and type of tenure

Multi-variate regression model to determine the most significant explanatory atomic indicators for shelter status

Correlation between housing condition and security of tenure

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Sector indicator: WASH

The condition of water sources and latrine facilities explained by household structure, geographical location and household accommodation

Percentage distribution of type of latrine facilities, sources of water and frequency of water’s supply per geographical area, accommodation type and dependency ratios

Average amount of WASH expenditure per household size, type of accommodation and geographical area

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Livelihood

Self-reliance of income sources vs. dependency on external financial in-flows from remittances or other aid agencies

1) Average income, savings and debt amounts per source disaggregated by geographical area, household size and dependency ratio

2) Correlation and co-variance between total expenditure, income, savings and debt amounts

3) Most frequent income source disaggregated by internal and external

4) Correlation analysis between average income per source, possession of work permits and type of skills

5) Most valued skills in the market by median income per skill type

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Income
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Welfare Score

Household profile explanatory variables for Welfare Score

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Multivariate Regressions to increase R-squared for expenditure per capita

High R-squared

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