Adoption in the United States

#Adoption-in-the-United-States
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Adoption is all around us, even if we don't see it. Every day, there are children being adopted into loving families all across the globe. Here are some interesting adoption statistics, with a particular focus on the US.

Data Source: Selman, P. (2018) Global Statistics for Intercountry Adoption: Receiving States and States of origin 2004-2017

Top Countries of Origin, 2017

#Top-Countries-of-Origin,-2017
  • China is the number one country of origin for adopted children in the US, which has very flexible requirements are the age of parents, family size and marital status.
  • India comes in second in the ranking - note that healthy children under age of 6 cannot be adopted by foreign families.
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Countries of Origin Over Time

#Countries-of-Origin-Over-Time

There are some really interesting insights to be gained from adoption statistics over time.

  • The number of children being adopted from the leading countries of origin like China, Russia and the Ukraine has been trending downwards over the last decade.
  • There is an extremely noticeable spike for Haiti in 2010, likely the result of international press coverage of the country following its 4.5 magnitude earthquake that year that killed between 100k and 300k people.
  • Note the drop in adoptions from Guatemala from 2008 to 2009, at which point in time the country closed to international adoption so that its system could be reformed.
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International Adoption by Continent

#International-Adoption-by-Continent
  • From 2004 to 2012, the lion's share of global adoptions were from African countries.
  • Note, as the share of adoptions from Africa began to decrease, the share of adoptions from Asia increased in tandem.
  • As of 2017, nearly 50% of all adoptions are from Asian countries.
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Top Countries of Origin, 2017

#Top-Countries-of-Origin,-2017
  • The top 3 countries of origin over time have been China, Ethiopia, Guatemala, with China on top.
  • Within Europe, only Eastern European countries, namely Poland, the Ukraine and Bulgaria have children being adopted in the US.
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Top Destination Countries, 2017

#Top-Destination-Countries,-2017
  • The US is by far the leading adopter among developed nations, but on a per capita basis the Maltese adopt the most children ((97 adoptions per 1,000 citizens vs 0.014 adoptions per 1,000 American citizens).
  • In Europe, Luxembourg (27.12 adoptions per 1,000 citizens), Andorra (26.4 adoptions) and Sweden (24 adoptions) lead with Malta as the top 4 adopting countries on a per capita basis.
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